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Mozambique History

The first Europeans to discover this beautiful country was the Portuguese in 1498 en route to India. The Portuguese established settlements along the coast and these ports became the main areas the country’s slave industry. It was said that the Portuguese used the Mozambique coast to ship up to a million slaves to all parts of the world, but mainly South and Central America.

In the late 19th century other European countries were vying for power in the region and the Portuguese signed a treat with the British giving them full control of Mozambique. In the 1920s with a new leader in Portugal who only allowed for Portuguese investment in Mozambique, thousands of Portuguese came to the country to live and set up businesses.

During the 1960s a resistance movement started up, which wanted to become independent of Portuguese control. On June 25, 1975 the movement took over power from the Portuguese as they were having problems in the home land. The Portuguese didn’t wish to fight with the Mozambique people any longer any with drew almost over night from the country. With this happening the country went into chaos as there were no skilled people left to run the country. This led the country to form an alliance with the Soviets and the East Germans, which stayed that way until 1983 when the country was almost bankrupt. This led to a 16-year civil war which wrecked the country and the National Resistance Movement (RENAMO), set up by the white-run Rhodesian government and then backed by apartheid South Africa and the US, fought a guerrilla war against FRELIMO from 1976 onwards. Two peace treaties in 1984 and 1989 both broke down within months of their signing. Finally, a series of agreements brokered by the Italian government in late 1991 and early 1992, which followed the first face-to-face meeting between President Chissano and RENAMO leader Alfonso Dhlakama brought the fighting to an end. A UN force, entered the country to guarantee the ceasefire, organise disarmament and police the scheduled elections. These were eventually held in October 1994 and won by Chissano and FRELIMO.

Today, the country economy is getting better as it has received much needed help from other countries and the tourism industry is one of the countries best economies.

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